Показать машинный перевод? Лучшее место для сделок. За последние несколько дней мы нашли несколько выгодных сделок, особенно среди дизайнерских секций. Вы можете легко провести здесь час. Дата мероприятия: январь г. Оценить перевод. Полезно Поделиться.
Парксвилл, Канада 22 публикации 3 благодарности. Потратив много денег в магазине, я захотел пить. Моя подруга покупала стручки Nespresso для своей машины, поэтому, ожидая, я увидела людей, пьющих кофе из бара Nespresso, поэтому я решила, что у меня будет один из этих кофе. Я подошел к прилавку и сказал, что я никогда не заказывал один, так как мне это сделать [выше есть доска с описанием 3 разных ощущений от кофе] Он спросил меня, был ли я участником, и я ответил нет.
Он сказал, что вы должны быть членом. Я был встревожен и ушел, и мой друг сказал вслух хорошее горе. Там нет знака, указывающего, что вы должны быть членом. Меня полностью отключили от Nespresso. Это просто кофе! Я думаю, это элитная группа! Жаловался на отношения с клиентами в заливе и жду ответа. Дата мероприятия: октябрь г. IAN D написал а отзыв окт.
Должно быть, самый большой магазин в Ванкувере. Охватывает 8 этажей в общей сложности и были действительно хорошие продажи, когда мы посетили. Крыша на mensfl очень впечатляет. Chrisinkingwood2 написал а отзыв янв. Довольно классное старое здание. Я могу только вообразить, что исследователи останавливаются, чтобы разместить их заказы на поставки и поставки, чтобы пойти в Арктику или другое приключение.
Теперь они просто заказывают у Амазонки, я думаю. Accessibility help. Email or phone Password Forgotten account? Log In. Forgotten account? Not Now. Community See all. About See all. Get Directions. Page transparency See More.
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Jamie Morton, curator at the Manitoba Museum shows us three unique carvings made by Indigenous people of Haida Gwaii and the Chukchi of Siberia, including the ghost ship S. Jamie Morton shows us two examples of Indigenous clothing items from the Canadian prairies: A moose hide coat from the John Halkett collection and a beaded Cree hood, both made with HBC trade goods.
Its exceptional quality is a reflection of the expert eye and skills of Lydia Catherine Christie. But there was one glaring tropical exception. HBC post managers working in remote locations were provided with a medical chest that included an assortment of surgical implements. Close ad. After England and France were officially at war , and the conflict played out in North America as well.
The French retained all of the outposts except Fort Albany until The economic consequences of the French possession of these posts for the company were significant; the HBC did not pay any dividends for more than 20 years. See Anglo-French conflicts on Hudson Bay.
By , point blankets accounted for more than 60 per cent of the trade. A long-held misconception is that the number of stripes was related to its value in beaver pelts. Henley House, established in , inland from Hudson Bay, at the confluence of the Albany and Kabinakagami Rivers, was dependent on Albany River — Fort Albany for lines of communication, was not "finished" until Although not inland, Richmond Fort was established in It was titled a "New Discovery" in , and by was titled Richmond Gulf.
The name was changed to Richmond Fort and given the abbreviation RF from to 59, it served mainly as a trade goods and provisions storage location. It became operative for the outfit of and was the first joint-stock company in Canada and possibly North America. The agreement lasted one year. A second agreement established in had a three-year term. The company became a permanent entity in The competition led to the small Pemmican War in The Battle of Seven Oaks on 19 June was the climax of the long dispute.
Before the merger, the employees of the HBC, unlike those of the North West Company, did not participate in its profits. The career progression for officers, together referred to as the Commissioned Gentlemen, was to enter the company as a fur trader. Typically, they were men who had the capital to invest in starting up their trading. They sought to be promoted to the rank of Chief Trader. Chief Factors sat in council with the Governors and were the heads of districts.
In addition, Americans controlled the Maritime fur trade on the Northwest Coast until the s. Throughout the s and s, the HBC controlled nearly all trading operations in the Pacific Northwest , based at the company headquarters at Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River. In , it purchased Fort Hall, also along the route of the Oregon Trail.
The outpost director displayed the abandoned wagons of discouraged settlers to those seeking to move west along the trail. In the years that followed, thousands of emigrants poured into the Willamette Valley of Oregon. In , the United States acquired full authority south of the 49th parallel ; the most settled areas of the Oregon Country were south of the Columbia River in what is now Oregon. McLoughlin, who had once turned away would-be settlers as company director, then welcomed them from his general store at Oregon City.
He was later proclaimed the "Father of Oregon ". During the s and s, HBC trappers were deeply involved in the early exploration and development of Northern California. Company trapping brigades were sent south from Fort Vancouver, along what became known as the Siskiyou Trail , into Northern California as far south as the San Francisco Bay Area , where the company operated a trading post at Yerba Buena San Francisco.
These trapping brigades in Northern California faced serious risks, and were often the first to explore relatively uncharted territory. Between and , the HBC issued its own paper money. Some accounts attributed that to the intimidating armed crowd gathered outside the courthouse. With the cry, Le commerce est libre! Le commerce est libre! Trade is free! Another factor was the findings of the Palliser Expedition of to , led by Captain John Palliser.
He surveyed the area of the prairies and wilderness from Lake Superior to the southern passes of the Rocky Mountains. Although he recommended against settlement of the region, the report sparked a debate. These funds allowed the Society the financial means to weather the financial collapse of which destroyed many competitors and invest in railways in North America.
The Deed enabled the admission of the fifth province, Manitoba , to the Confederation on 15 July , the same day that the deed itself came into force. It seemed unlikely that it would continue to control the future of the West. The iconic department store today evolved from trading posts at the start of the 19th century, when they began to see demand for general merchandise grow rapidly.
HBC soon expanded into the interior and set-up posts along river settlements that later developed into the modern cities of Winnipeg, Calgary and Edmonton. In , the first sales shop was established in Fort Langley. This was followed by other sales shops in Fort Victoria , Winnipeg , Calgary , Vancouver , Vernon , Edmonton , Yorkton , and Nelson The first of the grand "original six" department stores was built in Calgary in The other department stores that followed were in Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria, Saskatoon , and Winnipeg.
The First World War interrupted a major remodelling and restoration of retail trade shops planned in Following the war, the company revitalized its fur-trade and real-estate activities, and diversified its operations by venturing into the oil business. HBOG expanded during the s and s, and in began shipping Canadian crude through a new link to the Glacier pipeline and on to the refinery in Billings, Montana. The company became the sixth-largest Canadian oil producer in In , it bought a controlling interest in Roxy Petroleum.
During his Arctic trip with A. Jackson , discoverer of insulin Frederick Banting realized that crew or passengers on board the HBC paddle wheeler SS Distributor were responsible for spreading the influenza virus down the Slave River and Mackenzie River , a virus that had over the summer and autumn spread territory-wide, devastating the aboriginal population of the north. The article noted that Banting had given the journalist C. Banting maintained this position in his report to the Department of the Interior: .
Saw several cases at Godhavn, Etah, Port Burwell, Arctic Bay"; that "an epidemic resembling influenza killed a considerable proportion of population at Port Burwell"; and that "the gravest danger faces the Eskimo in his transfer from a race-long hunter to a dependent trapper.
White flour, sea-biscuits, tea and tobacco do not provide sufficient fuel to warm and nourish him". Furthermore, he discouraged the establishment of an Arctic hospital. The "proposed hospital at Pangnirtung would be a waste of money, as it could be reached by only a few natives". By , as the company expanded into eastern Canada, head office functions were moved to Toronto. In , the company acquired the four-store Shop-Rite chain of catalogue stores.
The chain was quickly expanded to 65 stores in Ontario, but closed in due to declining sales. In , Simpsons disappeared, when the last Simpsons store was converted to the Bay banner. In , the Thomson family sold the last of its remaining shares.
The Northern Stores Division was sold that same year to a group of investors and employees, which adopted The North West Company name three years later. Kmart Canada was acquired in and merged with Zellers. In , the Bay agreed to stop retailing fur in response to complaints from people opposed to killing animals for this purpose.
Zucker had previously been the head of the Polymer Group , which acquired another Canadian institution, Dominion Textile. In mid-August, the consortium said that it owned 57 per cent of the HBC shares. In September , the HBC began downsizing the Zellers chain with the announcement that it would sell the majority of the leases for its locations to the U. Target used the acquisition of this real estate as a means to enable its entry in the Canadian market.
In January , it was confirmed that three former Zellers locations, re-purposed as liquidation centers for The Bay and Home Outfitters, would remain open under the banner name. By September , the re-purposed Toronto and Ottawa Zellers locations were still operating as liquidation centers but the company closed both in late January At the time, the company was run by president Bonnie Brooks.
HBC was to get a 25 per cent equity stake in Le Tote. From to , the HBC owned and operated a small chain of off-price stores called Designer Depot. Similar to the Winners and HomeSense retail format, Designer Depot did not meet sales expectations, and its nine stores were sold.
Following the IPO, HBC had also introduced a new corporate logo of its own reviving a wordmark from the original HBC flag , but the new logo was not intended to be a consumer-facing brand. In late February , HBC announced that it would close 20 of the Saks stores and that all of the remaining locations would be "subject to review".
It did not proceed with either deal. HBC announced its intent to sell the last On 1 April , HBC disclosed that more than five million credit and debit cards used for in-store purchases had been recently breached by hackers. The hack had been discovered by Gemini Advisory, which called the breach "amongst the biggest and most damaging to ever hit retail companies". In February , shareholders of the company voted in favour of a plan to become a private company at a special meeting of shareholders.
Under the plan of arrangement, the company will be owned by a group of continuing shareholders led by HBC Governor and Executive Chairman Richard Baker. Baker replacing Foulkes as CEO. The HBC is diversified into joint ventures and other types of business products. The HBC has credit card, mortgage, and personal insurance branches. These other products and services are joint partnerships with other corporations.
Points can also be converted to Air Miles. The HBC is involved in community and charity activities. The HBC Foundation is a charity agency involved in social issues and service. The company discontinued this event in The HBC was the official outfitter of clothing for members of the Canadian Olympic team in , , , , , , , , and The sponsorship has been renewed through Since the late s, HBC has used its status as the official Canadian Olympics team outfitter to gain global exposure, as part of a turnaround plan that included shedding under-performing brands and luring new high-end brands.
HBC produced 80 per cent to 90 per cent of their Olympic clothes in China which was criticized, as Roots ensured that the Olympic clothes were made in Canada using Canadian material. Lord Sebastian Coe , chairman of the London Olympic Games Organizing Committee , who attended the Vancouver Olympics , noted that the Canadians were passionate in embracing the Games with their "Canada" hoodies and their red mittens of which 2.
The legacy of the HBC has been maintained in part by the detailed record-keeping and archiving of material by the company. Before , the records of the HBC were kept in the London office headquarters. The HBC opened an archives department to researchers in The company granted public access to the collection the following year. The records covered the HBC history from the founding of the company in The records contained business transactions, medical records, personal journals of officials, inventories, company reports, etc.
This hierarchy essentially broke down into two levels; the officers and the servants. Comprising the officers were the factors, masters and chief traders, clerks and surgeons. The servants were the tradesmen, boatmen, and labourers. The officers essentially ran the fur trading posts. They had many duties which included supervising the workers in their trade posts, valuing the furs, and keeping trade and post records. Officers in charge of individual trading posts had much responsibility because they were directly in charge of enforcing the policies made by the governor and committee the board of the company.
One of these policies was the price of particular furs and trade goods. These prices were called the Official and Comparative Standards. Because the governor was stationed in London, England, they needed to have reliable officers managing the trade posts halfway around the world. Because the fur trade was a very dynamic market, HBC needed to have some form of flexibility when dealing with prices and traders. The exact text from the Charter reads:.
Yielding and paying yearly to us and our heirs and successors for the same two Elks and two Black beavers whensoever and as often as We, our heirs and successors shall happen to enter into the said Countries, Territories and Regions hereby granted. On the last such visit, the pelts were given in the form of two live beavers, which the Queen donated to the Winnipeg Zoo in Assiniboine Park.
However, when the company permanently moved its headquarters to Canada, the Charter was amended to remove the rent obligation. Each of the four "rent ceremonies" took place in or around Winnipeg. The HBC is the only European trading company to have survived and outlived all its rivals. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Hudson Bay Company. Canadian retail business group. Net income. Richard A. Baker Robert C. Leith William L. Mack Lee S.
Canada portal. Retrieved 3 May Retrieved 5 October April Manitoba Pageant. Financial Post. Retrieved 20 August HBC Heritage. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 1 October Archived from the original on 27 September Funding Universe.
Retrieved 2 September Retrieved 16 July Retrieved 14 October Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 7 October HBC Heritage — Timeline. Retrieved 3 December London: Rivingtons. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Government of Canada.
Retrieved 24 April Government of Canada orig. Archived from the original on 16 April Archived from the original on 13 March Company of Adventurers New ed. Markham, Ont. In Stephen, Leslie ; Lee, Sidney eds. Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 14 November Archived from the original on 13 January Canadian Geographic magazine.
Caesars of the wilderness. A History of the Canadian West to —71 2nd ed. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press. Vancouver: UBC Press. Paterson column: Peter Skene Ogden the latest victim of map mending". BC Local News. Retrieved 17 December Money and Exchange in Canada to Archives Hub.
Retrieved 16 November Canada History. Access HT. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 17 November Francis, R. Douglas; Kitzan, C. The Promise of the West as Settlement Frontier. The Prairie West as Promised Land. Calgary, Alberta: University of Calgary Press. Retrieved 2 February
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Forgotten account? Not Now. Community See all. About See all. Get Directions. Page transparency See More. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. See actions taken by the people who manage and post content. Related Pages. Costco Vancouver Big box retailer.
Holiday Fair in the Square Event. Staples Canada. Skin Technique Skincare service. John Casablancas Institute Trade school. We Love Delta Non-profit organisation. Burlington Centre Shopping centre. The Primerose Mediterranean Restaurant Greek restaurant. Playful Pups Doggy Daycare Dog boarding centre. CF Interiors Furniture shop.
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The layout is also deliberately confusing. Mary Lautner Июль 12, Другие интересные места в г. Проложить маршрут. Открыто до Показать больше Пн—Сб — Вс — Вам также понравится. Winners Универмаг Granville St.